Isshin Ryu‎ > ‎

Terminology

One to the unique things about Isshin Ryu is the use of the vertical fist when punching.  Most Karate Styles predominantly use the classical twist (horizontal) punch, striking with the knuckles of the fore finger and the index finger.  In Japaneses this is "seiken tsuki" (two knuckle punch).  Many Karate Styles also use the vertical punch or "tate tsuki". 

As Isshin Ryu does not use the horizontal punch, we refer to our punches as "seiken tsuki", however to be correct it should be "seiken tate tsuki".

When specifying a technique it is normal to state the level, then the movement (if required) and then the technique i.e. chudan oi tsuki = stomach lunge punch.

Finally, the Internet is a treasure trove of information, but here are a few things to be aware of as far as Karate Terminology goes:
  • Sometime techniques are written with a hyphen, sometimes not
    i.e. oi tsuki or oi-tsuki (we use the hyphen)

  • There are sometimes a number of terms for a particular technique
    i.e Crane stance : tsuru-no-iwa-dachi or tsuru-ashi-dachi or gankaku-dachi

  • Sometimes "words" are left out of a technique
    i.e. jodan uke or jodan age-uke

  • Sometimes a particular word is used for different techniques in different Styles
    (we'll let you discover those, its part of the fun!)

So the following is by no means a definitive list.

Levels
 Head (upper)  jodan
 Stomach (middle)  chudan
 Groin (lower)
 gedan

All strikes can, conceivably, be done at any level.

Strikes
 Punch  tsuki
    Lunge punch
 oi-tsuki
    Reverse punch
 gyaku-tsuki
    Jab punch
 kizami-tsuki
 Roundhouse punch
 o-uchi
   
 Vertical back fist
 uraken-uchi
 Side back fist
 yoko uraken-uchi
 Hammer fist
 tettsui-uchi
 Palm heel strike
 teisho-uchi
   
 Finger strike
 nukite-tsuki
 Knife hand strike  shuto-uchi
 Reverse knife hand strike
 gyaku-shuto-uchi
 Ridge hand strike
 hiato-uchi
   
 Upper elbow strike
 hiji ate-uchi
 Round elbow strike
 mawashi empi-uchi

Blocks (are normally described with the level included, you can't really do a rising groin block!)
 Rising head block  jodan age-uke
 Middle inside block
 chudan uchi-uke (this can also be done head level)
 Middle outside block
 chudan soto-uke (this can also be done head level)
 Down groin block
 gedan-barai
 Double block
 chuge-uke
 Open hand palm forward block
 with grab and pull
 tegata-barai (both head and stomach)
 Hooking block, 
 open hand  palm forward
 hiki-uke
 Hooking block, 
 open hand  palm backward
 kake-uke
 Pressing (cover) down block
 osage-uke
 Sweeping down block
 nagashi-uke
 X-block  juji-uke
 Double open hand side block
 morote shotei-uke
 Mountain block
 yama-uke
   
 Foot sweep
 ashi-barai
 Knee block
 hiza-uke

Kicks
 Front snap kick  mae-geri
 Heel or trust kick
 mae-konate
 Knee kick
 soba-geri (aka. sokuto-geri)
 Cross over heel stomp
 soba-konate (aka. fumikomi-geri)
 Side kick
 yoko-geri
 Side squat kick
 otoshi-geri
 Knee smash
 hiza-geri
 Back kick
 ushiro-geri
 Roundhouse kick
 mawashi-geri
 Hook kick
 kake-geri
 Crescent kick
 mikazuki-geri
 Jumping kick
 tobi-geri
 Front jumping kick
 mae-tobi-geri
 Side jumping kick
 yoko-tobi-geri

Stances
 Parallel(ready) stance  heiko-dachi
 Feet together stance
 heisoku-dachi
 Heels together (attention) stance  musubi-dachi
 Front stance
 seisan-dachi
 Horse stance
 shiko-dachi (aka. seiunchin-dachi)
 Forward stance
 zenkutsu-dachi
 

 Hourglass stance
 sanchin-dachi
 Back leaning stance
 kokutsu-dachi
 Cat stance
 neko-ashi-dachi 
 Crane stance
 tsuru-no-iwa-dachi
 Straddle stance
 naihanchi-dachi (aka. uchi-hachji-dachi)
 Hooked leg stance
 kosa-dachi

Subpages (1): Bowing